[Solved] TypeError: getFullYear is not a function

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If we call the getFullYear() method on the value that is not of a Date object, JavaScript will throw a TypeError: date.getFullYear is not a function.

In this tutorial, we will look at what is TypeErrror: date.getFullYear is not a function error and how to resolve them with examples.

What is TypeError: date.getFullYear is not a function error?

Let us take a simple example to demonstrate this issue

// Declare and store the data into a variable
const date= Date.now();

// Prints the UNIX epoch
console.log(date);

// get the full year
const output = date.getFullYear();

Output

1655113057893
TypeError: date.getFullYear is not a function

In the above example, we have declared a variable and we have stored the UNIX epoch timestamp as the integer value into it. The Date.now() method returns the UNIX timestamp which is of type number.

In the next statement, we call the Date.prototype.getFullYear() method on the value of the type number, and hence we get a TypeError: date.getFullYear is not a function.

We can also check the variable type using typeof() to confirm the datatype.

// Declare and store the data into a variable
const currDate = Date.now();

// Prints the UNIX epoch
console.log(currDate);

console.log("The type of variable is",typeof currDate)

Output

1655113670272
The type of variable is number

How to fix TypeError: date.getFullYear is not a function error?

The Date.prototype.getFullYear() method can only be used on the Date object and not on any other object type. 

There are two ways to fix this issue in JavaScript.

Solution 1: Convert the value into a Date Object

We can easily resolve the issue by converting the value into a Date object before calling the getFullYear() method.

If we know the value can be converted to a valid Date object, then we can use the Date() constructor in JavaScript that returns the Date object.

Let us take an example to resolve the issue using the Date() constructor.

// Declare and store the data into a variable
const currDate = Date.now();

// Prints the UNIX epoch
console.log("Unix time stamp of current date", currDate);

// Converts timestamp into Date Object
const dt = new Date(currDate)

// Print the full year
console.log(dt.getFullYear())

Output

Unix time stamp of current date 1655154305208
2022
If the Date is invalid

If called with an invalid date string, or if the date to be constructed will have a UNIX timestamp less than -8,640,000,000,000,000 or greater than 8,640,000,000,000,000 milliseconds, it returns an Invalid Date and calling the getFullYear() method on this will return NaN (Not a Number).

// Declare and store the data into a variable
const currDate = "Hello World";

// Converts date like object into Date Object
const dt = new Date(currDate)

// Print the full year
console.log(dt.getFullYear())

Output

NaN

Solution 2 – Performing the type check

We can also perform a type check on the variable to check if it’s a valid date object and has it has the property of type getFullYear before calling the getFullYear() method.

There are 3 logical expression that we need to evaluate.

  • First we need to check if the variable stores a value which of type object
  • Once the first condition passes we need to check if the object is not null
  • Last we need to ensure if the object contains getFullYear property.

Example – Type check using if/else

// Declare and store the data into a variable
const currDate = "2010/05/18 20:30:45";

// Converts date like object into Date Object
const dt = new Date(currDate)

if (typeof dt === 'object' && dt !== null && 'getFullYear' in dt) {

    console.log("The data type is", typeof dt)

    // Print the full year
    console.log(dt.getFullYear())

}

else {
    console.log("Invalid Date Object")
}

Output

The data type is object
2010

Conclusion

The TypeError: date.getFullYear is not a function occurs if we call a getFullYear() method on the object that is not of type Date object. We can resolve the issue by converting the value into Date Object using Date() constructor before calling the getFullYear() method or by performing a type check using typeof to see if the object is of type getFullYear.

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